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Feb 25 2014

Create multiple VMs from existing vSphere VM using PowerCLI

I recently published the blog post “Create multiple VMs using PowerCLI” and as i mentioned in the post i thought the next request would be a PowerCLI script to create multiple VMs from an existing vSphere virtual machine (VM). It just took a few days before the request reached my email inbox. I actually received a few email from my readers requesting the same thing and also a comment on the previous blog post.

The previous PowerCLI script used the following sequence:

  1. Issued the command for creating a VM.
  2. Waited until the VM was created.
  3. Powered the VM on.

When all three above steps were finished the next VM was created. The new request included an additional sequence where the script should continue as soon as the vCenter Server has accepted the “create new VM command”.
This means we will put much more pressure on the storage array and my customer wanted to verify the VAAI functionality.
And yes, the VM we used as the base VM had its disk in format “Thick Eager Zeroed”

There were a couple of requirements for the script as well.

  • Specify the number of VMs to be created.
  • Specify a customization specification to be used.
  • The VMs must be placed on all ESXi hosts in the vSphere cluster.
  • Specify a vCenter Server Folder in the Virtual Machine & Templates view where the VMs will be placed.
  • Specify VM datastore/datastore cluster placement.
  • Specify the VM prefix.
  • Use numeric incremental number after the VM prefix.

If you want to use the same sequence described in the “Create multiple VMs using PowerCLI” you can:

  • Remove the -RunASync from the below script.
  • Add the following lines, after the “New-VM” line but before the } sign:
    • write-host “Power On of the  VM $VM_name initiated”  -foreground green
    • Start-VM -VM $VM_name -confirm:$false -RunAsync

The script were tested using the following software versions:

  • VMware vCenter Server 5.5
  • VMware ESXi 5.5
  • VMware PowerCLI 5.5 (32-bit mode)
  • Microsoft PowerShell 2.0

Change the following parameters for the below script:

  • $vCenter=”vc-demo01.vcdx56.com”
  • $vCenterUser=”vcdx56@a_magnus”
  • $vCenterUserPassword=”notsecret”
  • $vm_count = “100”
  • $clone = “VCDX56-base-vm”
  • $customspecification=”VCDX56-customization”
  • $ds = “DSC-VDX56-01”
  • $Folder = “Scripttest”
  • $Cluster = “CLU-VCDX56-01”
  • $VM_prefix = “VCDX56-“

 

Important: The customspecification works in 32-bit mode only so make sure you run the script using the PowerCLI 32-mode version.

11 comments

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  1. Michael

    And if you want to create the vms from a template? With what should be $clone replaced?

  2. magander3

    Hi,
    haven’t used it for a few years since it will be disabled, check this out https://www.vmware.com/support/developer/PowerCLI/PowerCLI51/html/New-VM.html , but try change VM to Template

    //Magnus

  3. Diego

    Thanks,

    Great script, help me a lot

    Brazilian thanks

  4. magander3

    Glad you found it useful.

    //Magnus

  5. Frank

    Works great! What would be the best way to select multiple datastores?

  6. magander3

    Maybe use datastore clusters and let vSphere manage that?

    thanks

  7. Sunil

    Works Great.

    Thanks Much !!

    Any idea how to clone multiple vms of different names??

    Sunil

  8. magander3

    Hi Sunil,
    do you mean cloning different VMs or crete VMs from another VM and give the VMs different names (not only different numbers at the end)?

    thanks

  9. tnguyen

    Hi,
    I want to do this but creating LinkedClone from a snapshot ..like here
    new-VM -Name AUTONEW -VM $mySourceVM -LinkedClone -ReferenceSnapshot $myReferenceSnapshot -Resourcepool $cluster -Datastore $myDatastore

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